The Constructs of Qigong That Are Effective for Cancer Care
April 21, 2016 -
In its April 2016 issue, the journal
Supportive Care in Cancer reported a
review that assesses the strength of evidence addressing Qigong therapy in
supportive cancer care and provides insights for definition of effective Qigong
therapy in supportive cancer care.
Eleven published randomized clinical trials
were reviewed by researchers from S.U.N.Y Buffalo, Village of Healing and
Wellness in St Catharines, ON, Canada, and Kutztown University in Kutztown, PA.
A total of 831 individuals were studied.
Geographic settings include the USA, Australia, China, Hong Kong, and Malaysia.
Qigong therapy was found to have positive effects on the cancer-specific quality
of life, fatigue, immune function, and cortisol levels of individuals with
cancer. Qigong therapy protocols varied supporting a plurality of styles.
Qualitative analyses identified common programming constructs. Content
constructs included exercise (gentle, integrated, repetitious, flowing,
weight-bearing movements), breath regulation, mindfulness and meditation, energy
cultivation including self-massage, and emphasis on relaxation. Logistic
constructs included delivery by qualified instructors, home practice, and
accommodation for impaired activity tolerance.
The review concluded that there is global
interest and a growing body of research providing evidence of therapeutic effect
of Qigong therapy in supportive cancer care. While Qigong therapy protocols vary
in style, construct commonalities do exist. Knowledge of the common constructs
among effective programs revealed in this research may be used to guide future
research intervention protocol and community programming design and development.