Tai chi May Improve Symptoms and Functional Mobility in Fibromyalgia Patients
May 28, 2012 -
Previous researchers have found that 10-form Tai chi yields symptomatic benefit
in patients with fibromyalgia (FM). The purpose of this study was to further
investigate earlier findings and add a focus on functional mobility.
In a study by Oregon Health & Science University, the researchers conducted a
parallel-group randomized controlled trial FM-modified 8-form Yang-style Tai chi
program compared to an education control. Participants met in small groups twice
weekly for 90 minutes over 12 weeks. The primary endpoint was symptom reduction
and improvement in self-report physical function, as measured by the
Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ), from baseline to 12 weeks. Secondary
endpoints included pain severity and interference, sleep, self-efficacy, and
Of the 101 randomly assigned subjects (mean age 54 years, 93 % female), those in
the Tai chi condition compared with the education condition demonstrated
clinically and statistically significant improvements in FIQ scores, BPI pain
severity, BPI pain interference, sleep, and self-efficacy for pain control.
Functional mobility variables including timed get up and go, static balance, and
dynamic balance were significantly improved with Tai chi compared with education
control. No adverse events were noted.
Twelve weeks of Tai chi, practice twice weekly, provided worthwhile improvement
in common FM symptoms including pain and physical function including mobility.
Tai chi appears to be a safe and an acceptable exercise modality that may be
useful as adjunctive therapy in the management of FM patients.
This study is published by Clinical rheumatology in its latest issue.