Tai Chi improves mental
and physical health among college students
Division of Physical Therapy, Georgia State
Decatur Street, Atlanta, GA
Medicine and sport
exercise has positive effects on the body as well as on the mind. The purpose
of this study was to examine the effects of Tai Chi exercise on college
students' perceptions of their physical and mental health.
Tai Chi program (1 hour a time, twice a week) was administrated to 30 college
students. A health survey questionnaire was employed to evaluate the mental
health dimension (MHD) and physical health dimension (PHD) before and after the
intervention. PHD including physical functioning, role physical, bodily pain,
general health, and MHD including social functioning, role mental/emotion
function, vitality, and perceptions of mental health were assessed.
measures of bodily pain and general health, and mental measures of role
mental/emotion function, vitality, and mental health were significantly
improved after Tai Chi intervention. When the overall PHD or MHD scores were
evaluated, the MHD increased significantly.
exercise had positive effects on the self-assessed physical and mental health
of college students. Scores on the MHD appeared to be particularly sensitive to
change. Colleges/universities might consider offering Tai Chi as a component of
their ongoing physical activity programs available to students.