Tai Chi with Game Device Improves Elderly's Cognitive Functions
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March 15, 2014 -
This is a research reported in the Journal
of medical Internet research in February of 2014.
Decrease of dual-task (DT) ability is known
to be one of the risk factors for falls. We developed a new game concept,
Dual-Task Tai Chi (DTTC), using
Microsoft's motion-capture device Kinect, and demonstrated that the DTTC test
can quantitatively evaluate various functions that are known risk factors for
falling in elderly adults. Moreover, DT training has been attracting attention
as a way to improve balance and DT ability. However, only a few studies have
reported that it improves cognitive performance.
The Kyoto University in Japan performed a study to demonstrate whether or not a 12-week program of DTTC training would effectively
improve cognitive functions.
This study examined cognitive functions in
community-dwelling older adults before and after 12 weeks of DTTC training or
standardized training. Primary end points were based on the difference in
cognitive functions between the training group and the control group. Cognitive
functions were evaluated using the trail-making test and verbal fluency test.
A total of 41 elderly individuals (26 in the
training group and 15 in the control group) participated in this study and their
cognitive functions were assessed before and after DTTC training. Significant
differences were observed between the two groups with significant group x time
interactions for the executive cognitive function measure, the
suggest that DTTC training is effective for improving executive cognitive